Basement Bugs and Insects

Bugs are the most abundant creatures on earth and can positively contribute to the environment. They provide a food source for other animals and also help to keep other bug populations in check as they feed. When you find bugs and insects in the basement of your home, they become pests that need to be dealt with in a timely fashion.

The basement is the most enticing place for bugs to congregate in your house, and half the battle is identifying the bugs in question. Once you determine what kinds of bugs have moved into your basement, then you can take the appropriate measures to get rid of them. Learning all you can about how to keep bugs out of your basement will help to protect your family and your home.

Identifying Common Basement Bugs

Many different types of bugs could be residing in your basement, but there are common bugs to take into consideration when you find that you have unwanted house guests squatting in your basement. There are five common basement bugs, including:

  1. Centipedes: These are invertebrates that are classified as arthropods. They are carnivores and hunt their meals. They have a paralyzing venom that renders their prey helpless as they consume them. Though centipedes help reduce other pests, they are dangerous to humans due to their aggressive nature and venomous bites.
  2. Earwigs: This insect is one of the most misunderstood but isn’t a threat to humans. Earwigs eat indoor plants, oily or greasy foods, and sweet foods when inside of your home. Though earwigs aren’t a threat, they excrete a foul-smelling, yellowish-brown liquid from their scent glands in defense that can be rather irritating.
  3. The Brown Recluse: This arachnid has a characteristic dark, violin-shaped mark on the top of its cephalothorax. This mark and its yellowish-brown to light brown color will confirm that you are dealing with a brown recluse spider. The venom from the bite of a brown recluse spider can cause nausea, lesions, and fever. They are also capable of reproducing quickly and can infest your basement. They typically won’t attack humans unless in self-defense, but they do prey on other pesky insects found inside your home.
  4. Silverfish: Dark, damp areas such as your basement are the ideal environment for silverfish. They are insects that aren’t necessarily a danger to humans, but they can wreak havoc as they feed. Silverfish feed on paper, wallpaper, starches, sugars, shampoos, linen, glue in books, and silk.
  5. Termites: This wood-eating insect is one of the most feared pests for homeowners. Termites are not a direct threat to humans, but due to their destructive feeding habits, they can destroy the structural wood of your home and cause unsightly cosmetic damage as well. Reproductive swarms of termites are often seen in basements.

Keeping your home free and clear from the pests listed above can be difficult. There are plenty of DIY methods you can use to keep bugs out of your basement, but some circumstances call for the services of a professional pest control agency. A trained exterminator can identify the pest or pests in your basement and implement a plan to eliminate them and prevent future infestations.

How to Keep Bugs Out of Your Basement

Most bugs crawl to get from one point to another, making your basement prime real estate for entering into your home. Inspecting your basement for entryways that will allow bugs easy access to the indoors should be a top priority. A simple way to look for places where pests may be entering is to turn off the lights in your basement and look for light sources that are originating from outside. Once you have located these potential entryways, sealing them or repairing them can help to keep bugs out.

Another great way to check for places for bugs to get into your basement is to walk around the exterior of your home. You will need to look for crevices or cracks in the foundations of your home where bugs can find their way inside. Areas, where wiring and plumbing enter your home, should be a primary focus during your inspection. When you seal off any crevices or cracks you find, you will be off to an excellent start at preventing bugs in your basement.

Clearing anything that might attract bugs to your house from the exterior wall is another way to help prevent pests in your basement. Excess foliage that is touching your home, leaf clutter, or mulch against the exterior foundation can be enticing to bugs. If you have any of these or all three, you will need to keep the mulch at least one foot from the foundation, trim the excess foliage, and keep leaf litter cleared away.

Once you have eliminated all of the material things that attract bugs and sealed or repaired potential entryways into your basement, a residual pesticide is a great way to create an extra layer of protection for your basement. Residual pesticides are capable of being sprayed directly to the foundations of your home and the ground that comes into direct contact with your home. These types of pesticides create an invisible barrier to deter and kill bugs before they can make their way inside. You can also apply a residual pesticide to the corners, baseboards, and floors inside your basement.

Basements are an excellent investment when building or purchasing a home, but you will need to take precautions to keep bugs from taking up residence in that basement. Pests of all types can be found in basements, and many of them you may never see, but with a little effort, you can protect that investment and keep it free from unwanted bugs. Bugs can be dangerous, create a mess, or cause structural damage to your home. Learning how to keep bugs out of your basement will enable you to protect your family, pets, and home from the different threats they can pose.

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