General Information

Most people are familiar with the unpleasant experience of being bitten by a mosquito. These pesky insects can cause painful and itchy skin irritations that leave you scratching for days. While a mosquito bite is certainly an inconvenience, this isn’t the only issue associated with mosquitoes. These insects can transmit harmful viruses and diseases to humans, including malaria and the West Nile virus. Explore what mosquitoes are, where they’re most commonly found, the primary problems associated with mosquitoes, and how to prevent these insects from harming you or your loved ones.

What Are Mosquitoes?

Mosquitoes are small flying insects that are part of the order Diptera and the family Culicidae. Mosquito is Spanish for “little fly.” There are around 200 different species of mosquitoes throughout the United States and more than 3,000 species in the world. The most common species of mosquitoes found in the U.S. include:

All of these mosquito species can transmit a variety of harmful diseases to humans.

What Does a Mosquito Look Like?

Image via Unsplash by ekamelev

Adult mosquitoes are between 1/4 and 3/8 inch long and have six legs. Most mosquitoes are light brown in color, but each species varies slightly in how it appears. Here’s an idea of what each popular mosquito species looks like:

All mosquitoes have two wings and hair-like scales all over their bodies. They also have a long proboscis, which is the mouthpart. Female mosquitoes pierce the skin of humans and other mammals with their proboscis and suck blood directly through this mouthpart. Only female mosquitoes feed on blood; male mosquitoes feed only on the nectar of plants.

Many people mistake other types of flies for mosquitoes. Other insects that resemble and can be mistaken for mosquitoes include crane flies, midges, and mayflies. Crane flies and mayflies do not bite, while midges do.

Where Do Mosquitoes Live?

Mosquitoes can be found in nearly every state throughout the U.S. Each species prefers certain climates, with the following being the preferred climates for the most common mosquitoes in the U.S.:

Problems With Mosquitoes

The primary issue associated with mosquitoes and mosquito bites is the illnesses and diseases they can transmit to humans. The most common diseases that are spread to people by mosquitoes include:

Mosquito Prevention and Control Strategies

There are several steps you can take to prevent mosquitoes from breeding on your property, including:

Taking precautions when going outdoors and getting rid of standing water in and around your home is a great start to preventing mosquito bites. If you’d like to learn more about how you can prevent and control mosquitoes in your area, give Bulwark Exterminating a call today.

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